The Sardinian language
The Sardinian is now considered an independent language with its own grammar and completely separated from the Italian language, and represents a wealth that deserves to be preserved as a linguistic and cultural heritage.
It is a language derived from Latin, the island imported at the time of the Roman conquest. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Latin spread throughout the island becoming a fundamental aspect of Sardinia, and the primary language of its constitution. Over the following centuries, Sardinia has been the influence of different external languages, but because of its isolation has only partially these influences, retaining their original Latin.
We can distinguish five main types of Sardo:
- Nuorese, spoken in the center of the island and in the center with Goceano Nuoro;
- Sardinian, spoken in North-Eastern part of Sardinia;
- Sassarese in the city of Sassari and Vicinity;
- Logudorese, spoken in central and northern Sardinia;
- Campidanese in the south of the island.
While the Nuorese and Logudorese languages that are less than any other influences have been the mainland, the campidanese, while retaining the characteristic of Sardinia, close to most of the Italian dialects of south-central type. The Gallurese Sassarese and Continental have been an influence, but it kind of Tuscan. Cases are a part of Alghero Catalan dialect, the dialect of Ligurian Carloforte Calasetta, and the Venetian dialect of Arborea (formerly of Mussolinia Sardinia) and Fertilia.
Today Sardo has become the field of study in several schools, to make sure that new generations of Sardinian should not lose the charm and beauty of their language.