In Rome every year you can count about 1,000 religious and secular celebrations, which still bear witness to the ancient traditions and varied sardines. Participate in these celebrations mean dive in an ancient culture and discover sounds and harmonies unknown, dancing with rich traditional costumes, poetry competitions outside of time, the wild horse races, parades of folklore with precious colored clothes of the past.
Below, some of the most important events in Sardinia.
On 1 May is celebrated in Cagliari the festival dedicated to Sant'Efisio, an ancient ritual that is repeated in 1656, when the city of Cagliari, exhausted by four years of the plague, made a vow to the saint: a promise in the procession place of his martyrdom if the epidemic had ceased. The infection disappeared and the population since then has always maintained a commitment.
The magnificent procession with the statue of the saint on the road by the Church of Saint Cagliari towards the village of Pula, the place of martyrdom, 30 km away. The procession is opened by the characteristics traccas wagons drawn by oxen adorned with carpets, flowers and tools, followed by the riders and costumed groups from all over Sardinia, who recite and sing the prayers of the tradition. Launeddas accompanying sounds of the slow path of Holy and petals of red roses, pink and yellow cover the carpet as granite slabs of Via Roma with the characteristic ramadura.
After the procession the town parade is heading towards Nora, where arrives the next day, came to Nora, the statue of the saint remains exposed to the devotion of the faithful in church on the beach in Pula, where we celebrate the religious functions. On May 4, finally, the procession returned to Cagliari, and the statue of the saint back to the Church of Saint Stampace in the district.
Of all the festivals that take place in the province of Sassari, that of the Fence is the greater. It is held August 14 to keep a vow made several centuries ago to the Virgin Assunta away that the plague that struck Sassari in 1582. The "Faradda" (descent) is a parade of 9 wood candlesticks, whose weight varies from 200 to 400 kg, carried on the shoulders of eight bearers dancing sustaining the heavy chandeliers in the streets of Old Town, accompanied by the sound of flutes and drums, up to the church of Santa Maria di Betlem, which will be celebrated sacred rites.
The Ride Sarda is the most important festival of spring, and is held in Sassari, the second Sunday of May. É a gathering of multicolored horses, riders and appearing dressed in traditional costumes from all regions of the island. Over 3,000 participants parade through the streets of downtown, while the riders are making spectacular carousels and acrobatic performances (so-called pair), accompanied by songs and dances performed by traditional folk bands until late at night.
The first Ride Sarda was celebrated April 20 at 1899 of the visit by Umberto I and Margherita of Savoy, came in Sassari for the inauguration of the monument to Vittorio Emanuele II. Since then, the event was repeated on several occasions and has been so successful that since 1951 has become an annual event.
To celebrate the cult of San Costantino Imperatore, Sedilo hosts 6 and 7 July Ardia (the word dialect "Bard", which means "shooting guard mount"), wild, wild horse race contested by dozens of riders. The figure of Saint Constantine is represented by sa pandela first, a jockey who brings a yellow flag, at his side are sa segunda pandela and knows pandela third respectively with a standard red and one white, who have the task of protecting the San Costantino other riders who, in a frantic race, try to overcome it. The ride is punctuated by shots of dall'echeggiare rifleman and selected voices from the crowd.
It is the party most typical of Nuoro, and held on the last week of August. Its importance must be not only the spectacular parade of costumes from across the island (which takes place on Saturday before the festival itself), but especially to the part of religious event, held outdoors, the setting, under the giant statue of the Redeemer on Mount Ortobene and the procession, which takes place around the top of the mountain and offers the visitor the extraordinary moments of charm, under the gaze of a landscape indescribable beauty.
Easter is one of the deepest occurrences in Sardinia, and in the days of Holy Week that the foregoing can be found in many cities of the celebrations and rituals of considerable interest. Celebrations richest and suggestive are those that are located in Cagliari, Alghero, Castelsardo and Iglesias.
In Cagliari, for the Good Friday, there is the procession of the Mysteries. Confraternities led in procession seven wooden statues, the work of seventeenth-century sculptor Giuseppe Antonio Lonis, in a path that affects the seven churches of the historic center, a symbol of the seven stations of the Via Crucis. It is worth also attend a "S'Incontru", the ceremony of Easter Sunday, when the statue is made to do a triple bow between the applause of the crowd and the costumes of the officiant and choir mark of black and white processions.
In the historical center of Alghero winding processions of the "holy Setmana de l'Alguer," a rite combining ancient Italian confraternities and Catalan: Catalonia representatives from each year are a tribute to the seventeenth-century wooden statue of the Crucified (The Sant Crist de la Misericordia), the Christ of Alicante custodito Gonfalone by the Confraternity of the Church of Mercy. The most striking is that of Good Friday, when the "Desclavament", a long procession of the faithful with torches in hand behind the parade crucified, they celebrate the rite of the deposition of Christ from the Cross. The evening ceremony is preceded in the morning, the procession of women dressed in black who depart from the church of San Francesco and below the statue of Our Lady of Sorrows.
Among the most evocative rites is that the Castelsardo, the "Lunissanti", that is, the "Holy Monday" in the variant of Gallura Sardinia. This is a procession, the procession of mysteries, which takes place in the light of torches till all'Abbazia S. Mary Tergu: the brothers, dressed in a white dress and a conical cap, opened the procession, accompanied by three choirs and the ten mysteries. E 'where you can hear "the attitu", the traditional Sardinian song funeral. The rites also continue on Thursday with a procession which brought one of the oldest wooden statues of the island, and Friday, with the deposition from the cross of Christ.
Are also suggestive that the rites are celebrated in Iglesias, the statue of Christ is decorated with flowers and Mediterranean as laurel, rosemary and lavender, and the procession of Descenso "Good Friday. Very touching is the procession of S'Incontru, the encounter between the risen Christ and the Madonna in the days to Easter and Oliena Orosei (NU).
The first Saturday of the month September is held in Cabras, in the province of Oristano, the Corsa degli Scalzi. The protagonists are a group of young people, dressed in white tunic, carrying running barefoot the statue of St. Salvatore dell'omonimo village to the Sanctuary.
During the period of Carnival, in February, across the island are held parades of masked dances and performances Wagon allegorical. In Cagliari the Carnival parades are delighted by historic masks and festivities ending the day on Tuesday with the Holy stake in which is burnt Ciancioffali, the doll rags. Very beautiful the parade Pausania Temple, where it is burned the effigy of "King George", Guspinese of Carnival, with traditional masked stilt, an S Gavino Monreale, of Iglesias, Santu Lussurgiu and the carnival of Bosa. In Santa Teresa di Gallura instead the carnival is celebrated underwater.
The festival is the most spectacular Sartiglia (whose name derives from the Castilian "sortija" which means "ring") which is held in Oristano on the last Sunday of Carnival and is replicated on Shrove Tuesday. Is a ritual to propitiate the good harvest of the just begun. It is a carousel horse of Catalan origin who runs for over five hundred years in the way of the Dome, in the city center. The Capocorso (on compidori), dressed in a very specific costume, mask and hat, a horse parade through the streets of the city flanked by two knights (on segundu and terzu). Followed by a wide range of riders, giving life to a race galloping with the aim of the sword as they can with a perforated silver star, hanging by a green ribbon at the center of via Duomo, at the Cathedral. The number of stars as they will be addressing the auspices of the new crop year.
Carnival is more austere than the area of Barbagie. In these countries, the carnival is represented by ancestral and tragic figure, dressed in skins of animals and with wooden masks from the dark and scary question: for the Ottana Merdules, with masks by long noses, and Boes, with masks features veal and dressed in skins of sheep, on the Orotelli Thurpos. Particularly evocative of the Carnival Mamoiada, where a parade head bowed the Mamuthones, figures that symbolize the losers, masked and dressed in clothes pastors with a bunch of bells hung back, around which the Issocadores dance, symbolizing the winners and who are trying to capture them using the laces.