You can not make a real holiday in Sardinia, if you do not know at least some 'history of this land, rich in tradition and culture.
The origins of the Sardinian culture are very ancient. The appearance of the island seems to trace the range between 450 and 150,000 years ago. In the following centuries the island is crossed by a number of different cultures, to introduction (around 1800 BC) nuragica of civilization, a pastoral and warlike civilization which owes its name to nuraghe, building a special tower built using large stones.
The Phoenicians reach Sardinia and settle on the coast around 1000 BC Later, until 238 BC, Sardinia passed under the control of the Carthaginians.
Victory Rome on Carthage at the end of the first Punic War, marks the passage of Sardinia under the Roman rule, that after the fall of the leaves the way for the Vandals. In 534 the island was restored by Justinian and go back to be part of the Roman Empire: thus begins' Byzantine age.
With the decline of the Byzantine Empire, the Sardinians are a new political order in the mid 1000: The island is divided into 4 Giudicati (Torres-Logudoro, Cagliari, Gallura, Arborea) governed by the "judges", the local representatives of the Byzantine Empire, which exercised power for themselves. It is during this period that extends the political and economic influence of Pisa and Genoa. Their presence often interferes politically to bring about the end of three judged (Cagliari, Torres and Gallura), which after 1250 fall into the hands of the lords of Pisa or Genoa.
In 1295 Pope Boniface VIII appointed James II of Aragon "King of Sardinia and Corsica, and Sardinia passed into the hands of the Spaniards. After 400 years of Spanish domination, Sardinia, which is assigned to Austria later in 1718, transfers to the Savoy. The Kingdom of Sardinia survives until 1861, when Sardinia joined the Kingdom of Italy.
Finally, at the end of World War II, January 31, 1948 Sardinia region is called a Special Statute.