What to see in and around Cagliari
In addition to the palaces and monuments of the historic center, C agliari offers numerous archaeological sites and unspoilt natural environments that are well placed to itineraries between culture and nature.
Areas of archaeological interest
- Necropoli Tuvixeddu - It is one of the largest and most important of the Mediterranean, by variety type and the discrete state of conservation of the tombs (over 1,100 between the Punic and Roman). In particular, are of exceptional importance tardopuniche two tombs, both painted (IV-III century BC.), The so-called Tomb of the CIS, whose name derives from the depiction of a male character, with helmet and spear, identified as the Phoenician god warrior Punic-Sid, and the Tomb of urea, which contains a frieze depicting a winged ureo, a snake with the solar disc, typically Phoenician.
- Anfiteatro Romano - Built in the second century. d. C., is the most important witness of Cagliari Roman, and the most significant monument of classical existing in Sardinia. L 'amphitheater, located at the foot of the hill of the Good Way, was partially excavated in the rock and partly built using limestone blocks extracted from quarries nearby. The whole monument was covered with fine materials, as shown in the large amount of thin plates of marble found in the excavations. The amphitheater, which could hold up to 10,000 spectators, preserves most of the steps elliptical, the cavea, fences and underground. The shows were held that there were several: the fighting of the gladiators, pantomime, but also executions of death sentences. Over centuries, theater has unfortunately been subject to a long and inexorable dispossession lasted until the middle of 'the nineteenth, elliptical, and the imposing monument survives today only partly excavated in the rock, while shares of masonry coatings and not a trace remains. Even today, the amphitheater, partly covered by a wooden structure, is home to concerts and shows during the summer season.
- Villa Tigellio - The complex, known as Villa Tigellio because originally attributed to the rich and extravagant Roman bard, in fact the remains of an elegant residential district of the Roman imperial age medium (II-III century BC.). In the area are the ruins of a thermal, which are preserved remains of the floor of calidarium, the room of the baths of water or steam, and three noble houses. Two of these are the Casa del Tablino painting (the tablinum was a kind of study relevant to the landlord), in which were found remains of a mosaic pavement, and Casa degli Stucchi so that the remains of the wall decorations, the third house is still almost nothing.
- Grotta della Vipera - Built between I and II century C., the so-called Cave of the Viper is actually a tomb excavated in rock, which is located in the necropolis of Sant'Avendrace. The entrance of the tomb show the facade of a temple with columns is named for the presence of two snakes cross, symbol of marital fidelity, carved on the sides of the pediment. The monument was dedicated by the Roman Lucius Cassius Filippo wife Atila Pomptilla to recall the memory and love dimostratogli. On the walls are a few entries, twelve poems in greek and in Latin exalting the figure of Atilio and his conjugal love, the legend tells that Atila had prayed that the gods took his life in exchange for that of the husband, seriously ill, the gods, impietositi, the content, and Philip was able to continue to live through the extreme sacrifice of his wife.
- Nora - The ruins of the city of Nora, one of the oldest cities dell'lsola, include the spa, the Phoenician temple, the Roman Theater, the forum paved the sewage conduit, housing. On the small promontory lies the shrine of the deity health of Punic origin.
Areas of natural interest
- Laguna of Santa Gilla - Along the western arc of the Gulf, just outside Cagliari, the lagoon is located in Santa Gilla, about 4,000 hectares of water that the barrier expanding town which for centuries home to migratory and nesting species like the cormorant, the coot, the Avocetta, chicken Sultan, the knight of Italy. But the most extraordinary is a colony of pink flamingos.
- Pond Molentargius - With its 500 hectares of land, the pond Molentargius is still used for extraction of salt. Making a long, slow journey from the docks outside the middle one, separated by special shutters, the sea water through the channel of Is Arenas, entering in Quartu tanks, where it concludes the process of evaporation. Already the Phoenicians exploited the area for salt, followed by the first Spanish and then by the Piedmontese. Just this activity has given the name by Molentargius molenti on the Sardinian donkey on which you carried the bags of salt or dragged from the ground the boats in the canals. The interest of the pond is not limited to its ability to pay: the area is home to an extraordinary heritage bird, 200 species of birds.
- Parco di Monte Urpinu - Il Parco di Monte Urpinu is the green lung of the city of Cagliari, from whose summit one can enjoy excellent views of the city, on salt ponds and on the waterfront and the harbor. It takes its name from the fox, who reigned supreme when the Mount was still a rough area and abandoned: just realized the park was called Monte Volpino, then transformed into Urpinu in the name of the fox in the Sardinian dialect of the place. At the entrance to the park was set a p arc toys, and also internally, between streams and pools of water, are natural trails suitable for hiking, and trails in the tiles, more suitable for walking.
- Botanical Garden - L 'orto Botanico di Cagliari looks like a small oasis of greenery in the heart of the city. Opened in 1866 by Patrizio Gennari, the Orto Botanico is situated in the historical center, exactly Palabanda in the valley, an area of 5 hectares limestone between the amphitheater and the Roman villa Tigellio, this area was chosen for its favorable climate conditions, since it is protected from prevailing winds, particularly from the mistral. In addition to trees and shrubs typical of Mediterranean environments (different types of oak, pine, tree, heather, juniper), affects the wealth of tropical and subtropical species, over 500 families who thanks to the favorable climate have reached considerable size: one can find plants from India, Africa and Madagascar, from southern Africa, from Arabia, China, Japan, on 'Australia and the islands of Oceania. In particular, one can observe the largest specimen in Europe of the Canary euphorbia (Euphorbia canariensis L.), and Fig (Ficus magno) with exceptional roots columnar. In the areas have been created equipped with educational panels that describe the environments or individuals of particular importance, of recent creation is the area of medicinal plants, which houses over 150 species of plants classified according to therapeutic use, and useful plants (textiles, dyeing and food). Over the entire surface of the Botanical Garden are also many examples of Roman times particularly Interesting: there are a system of tanks, a tank shaped like a clover, a Calidarium (Gennari cave) and a Libarium, where they quench the ancient Romans which actors recited the nearby amphitheater.
- Poetto Beach - This is the main beach of Cagliari, and the liveliest of the island. It stretches for about eight kilometers from Sella del Diavolo to the shoreline of Quartu Sant'Elena. The Poetto is one of the most beautiful beaches of the Mediterranean city, a long coastline of 7km dominated by the promontory of the Sella del Diavolo. The coast Poetto the beach has become more popular with Cagliari in the year. During the winter it is the ideal place to spend lunchtime tasting sea urchin, the summer population of swimmers and the many visitors to the characteristic night chioschetti that offer food and live music.