Sardinian traditional costumes are one of the most typical Sardinian folklore is striking for the variety, richness and beauty. In addition to being witness to the local culture these clothes are a piece of island history, because on them you can see the influences of the peoples of the past invaders, each community has its own dress Traditional different from all the others, but the basic model is unique and common to the whole region.
Sardinian traditional clothes are worn during folk festivals and major religious holidays, like that of a Cagliari Sant'Efisio or Sardinian Cavalcade of Sassa ri, but you can admire important collections of traditional dress in the ethnographic museums of Sardinia.
The costumes are particularly elaborate Sardinian and colorful: brightly colored and those of women, more stringent than men.
The traditional female costume is lavish, rich, colorful and varied. Hats are used as handkerchiefs folded in triangles, caps, shawls or blankets: colors, embroidery, and even a way to stop them on the head are different from area to area. The chest is covered by a shirt (camisa, camija) white linen or cotton are usually large, adorned with lace or embroidery, especially in the front and sleeves, the neck (of varying width) is often framed by lace and embellished with buttons of silver or gold .
Above the shirt is wearing a bodice (palas, imbustu, cossu) embroidery, which may be a bust (especially in the north of Sardinia), a real gilet, with different types of shoulder pads, or from simple strips of cloth, which on the front wrap the body in the breast, from shoulder incurred purposes. The jacket (tzippone, corittu), variable length, is in fine cloth, the sleeves can be large, open along the forearm in order to see the shirt, or narrow and short.
Skirt (tunic, fardetta, munnedda, saucciu) is generally long and wide, in Orbachi or other fabrics, often decorated at the edge of colored ribbons and gold. The skirt is often covered by the apron (franda, pannellu, antalena, Farda), which can be made with fine fabrics such as silk and Orbachi, or tissues of use. Lastly, the socks, cotton thread in white, colored or dark in relation to age, areas, and the occasion of use, and are worn with shoes or boots and boots with nails.
The clothes are decorated with beautiful jewels of gold or silver with coral and pearls, such as buttons filigree, religious medals (patènas) and the pins.
The men's headgear is the most common berritta, a cap, a bag of various lengths in Orbachi or cloth, black or red, are not uncommon headphones, hats with the tambourine and tense, sometimes accompanied by handkerchiefs.
The shirt (BENTONE) is wide and white cotton or linen, collar, which in some cases missing altogether, can have some embroidery or can be closed with cufflinks in gold or silver. The jacket (zippone, Cosso) of cloth is valuable, often do not isolana: velvet, brocade or cloth. Con (zippone) or sleeveless (COSS) is closed at the front Dual mono or chest with filigree buttons. It is of various colors, often embroidered or have polychrome finish, or eyelets on the front.
Above the shirt, other types of jackets or coats in Orbachi black, depending on class and profession: the jacket with hood (cappottinu), the long coat with a split rear (gabbanu, cabanu, cabanella), the mantle (saccu de coberri ). Very widespread among the clergy is the mastrucca, a sleeveless jacket of skin of sheep or lamb, of variable length. It is rare, if not disappeared, the collettu, a coat without sleeves of tanned leather that comes to the knees, opened the front and narrow at the waist by a leather belt.
The trousers (cartzones) are very large and white, linen, cotton or Orbachi. Generally long, even if the length can vary, are put into the uose (cartzas), a type of leggings in cloth, in Orbachi or skin, which are the shoes. Very characteristic is the black skirt (Ragas, cartzones de furesi), in Orbachi or cloth, to be worn over the trousers.
The socks are mostly made by hand with wire wool, white, more rarely, of cotton or linen. The spike shoes are the shoes more widespread, but they also use lighter shoes, and sometimes secured ornate silver buckles